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BROWNSBORO ISD

 

STUDENT CODE OF CONDUCT

 

 


 

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

 

Student Code of Conduct

Electronic Distribution

 

Dear Student and Parent:

 

As required by state law, the board of trustees has officially adopted the Student Code of

Conduct in order to promote a safe and orderly learning environment for every student.

 

We urge you to read this publication thoroughly and to discuss it with your family. If you have

any questions about the required conduct and consequences for misconduct, we encourage you

to ask for an explanation from the studentís teacher or appropriate campus administrator.

 

The student and parent should each sign this page in the space provided below, and then return

the page to the studentís school.

 

Thank you,

 

Dr. Keri Hampton

Superintendent

 

We acknowledge that we have been offered the option to receive a paper copy of the

Brownsboro I. S. D. Student Code of Conduct for the 2021-2022 school year or to electronically access it on the districtís website at gobearsgo.net. We understand that students will be held accountable for their behavior and will be subject to the disciplinary consequences outlined in the Code.

 

We have chosen to:

 

Receive a paper copy of the Student Code of Conduct.

 

Accept responsibility for accessing the Student Code of Conduct on the districtís website.

 

Print name of student: __________________________________

 

Signature of student: ___________________________________

 

Print name of parent: __________________________________

 

Signature of parent: ___________________________________

 

Date: ______________________________________________

 

School: ____________________________________________

 

Grade level:_________________________________________

Please sign this page, remove it, and return it to the studentís school. Thank you.

 

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

 

Student Code of Conduct

Hard Copy Distribution

 

Dear Student and Parent:

 

As required by state law, the board of trustees has officially adopted the Student Code of

Conduct in order to promote a safe and orderly learning environment for every student.

 

We urge you to read this publication thoroughly and to discuss it with your family. If you have

any questions about the required conduct and consequences for misconduct, we encourage you

to ask for an explanation from the studentís teacher or appropriate campus administrator.

 

The student and parent should each sign this page in the space provided below, and then return

the page to the studentís school.

 

Thank you.

 

Dr. Keri Hampton

Superintendent

 

We acknowledge that we have received a copy of the Brownsboro I. S. D. Student Code of

Conduct for the 2021-2022 school year and understand that students will be held accountable

for their behavior and will be subject to the disciplinary consequences outlined in the Code.

 

Print name of student: _________________________________

 

 

Signature of student: __________________________________

 

 

Print name of parent: __________________________________

 

 

Signature of parent: ___________________________________

 

 

Date: ______________________________________________

 

 

School: ____________________________________________

 

 

Grade level: ________________________________________

 

 

Please sign this page, remove it, and return it to the studentís school. Thank you.

 



Table of Contents

Brownsboro ISD Student Code of Conduct 1

Student Code of Conduct 1

Accessibility. 1

Purpose. 1

School District Authority and Jurisdiction. 2

Campus Behavior Coordinator 2

Threat Assessment and Safe and Supportive School Team.. 2

Searches. 2

Reporting Crimes. 3

Security Personnel 3

ďParentĒ Defined. 3

Participating in Graduation Activities. 3

Unauthorized Persons. 3

Standards for Student Conduct 5

General Conduct Violations. 6

Disregard for Authority. 6

Mistreatment of Others. 6

Property Offenses. 7

Possession of Prohibited Items. 7

Possession of Telecommunications or Other Electronic Devices. 8

Illegal, Prescription, and Over-the-Counter Drugs. 8

Misuse of Technology Resources and the Internet 8

Safety Transgressions. 9

Miscellaneous Offenses. 9

Discipline Management Techniques. 10

Students with Disabilities 10

Techniques. 10

Prohibited Aversive Techniques. 11

Notification. 12

Appeals. 12

Removal from the School Bus. 13

Removal from the Regular Educational Setting. 14

Routine Referral 14

Formal Removal 14

Returning a Student to the Classroom.. 14

Out-of-School Suspension. 16

Misconduct 16

Process. 16

Coursework During Suspension. 17

Disciplinary Alternative Education Program (DAEP) Placement 18

Discretionary Placement: Misconduct That May Result in DAEP Placement 18

Mandatory Placement: Misconduct That Requires DAEP Placement 20

Sexual Assault and Campus Assignments 21

Process. 21

Length of Placement 23

Appeals. 23

Restrictions During Placement 24

Placement Review.. 24

Additional Misconduct 24

Notice of Criminal Proceedings. 24

Withdrawal During Process. 25

Newly Enrolled Students. 25

Emergency Placement Procedure. 26

Transition Services. 26

Placement and/or Expulsion for Certain Offenses. 27

Registered Sex Offenders. 27

Certain Felonies. 27

Expulsion. 30

Discretionary Expulsion: Misconduct That May Result in Expulsion. 30

Mandatory Expulsion: Misconduct That Requires Expulsion. 32

Under Age Ten. 33

Process. 33

Length of Expulsion. 35

Withdrawal During Process. 35

Additional Misconduct 35

Restrictions During Expulsion. 35

Newly Enrolled Students. 36

Emergency Expulsion Procedures. 36

DAEP Placement of Expelled Students. 36

Transition Services. 36

Glossary. 37

 

 


Student Code of Conduct

Accessibility

If you have difficulty accessing the information in this document because of disability, please contact Dr. Keri Hampton, Superintendent, at 903-852-3701.

Purpose

The Student Code of Conduct (ďCodeĒ) is the districtís response to the requirements of Chapter 37 of the Texas Education Code.

The Code provides methods and options for managing students in the classroom and on school grounds, disciplining students, and preventing and intervening in student discipline problems.

The law requires the district to define misconduct that mayóor mustóresult in a range of specific disciplinary consequences including removal from a regular classroom or campus, out-of-school suspension, placement in a disciplinary alternative education program (DAEP), placement in a juvenile justice alternative education program (JJAEP), or expulsion from school.

This Student Code of Conduct has been adopted by the Brownsboro ISD Board of Trusteesand developed with the advice of the district-level committee. This Code provides information to parents and students regarding standards of conduct, consequences of misconduct, and procedures for administering discipline. It remains in effect during summer school and at all school-related events and activities outside the school year until an updated version adopted by the board becomes effective for the next school year.

In accordance with state law, the Code shall be posted at each school campus or shall be available for review at the office of the campus principal.Additionally, the Code shall be available at the office of the campus behavior coordinator and at www.gobearsgo.net. Parents shall be notified of any conduct violation that may result in a student being suspended, placed in a DAEP or JJAEP, expelled, or taken into custody by a law enforcement officer under Chapter 37 of the Education Code.

Because the Student Code of Conduct is adopted by the districtís board of trustees, it has the force of policy; therefore, in case of conflict between the Code and the Student Handbook, the Code shall prevail.

Please note: The discipline of students with disabilitieswho are eligible for services under federal law (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973) is subject to the provisions of those laws.


School District Authority and Jurisdiction

School rules and the authority of the district to administer discipline apply whenever the interest of the district is involved, on or off school grounds, in conjunction with or independent of classes and school-sponsored activities.

The district has disciplinary authority over a student:

1.     During the regular school day and while the student is going to and from school or a school-sponsored or school-related activity on district transportation;

2.     During lunch periodsin which a student is allowed to leave campus;

3.     While the student is in attendance at any school-related activity, regardless of time or location;

4.     For any school-related misconduct, regardless of time or location;

5.     When retaliationagainst a school employee, board member, or volunteer occurs or is threatened, regardless of time or location;

6.     When a student engages in cyberbullying, as provided by Education Code 37.0832;

7.     When criminal mischiefis committed on or off school property or at a school-related event;

8.     For certain offenses committed within 300 feet of school property as measured from any point on the schoolís real property boundary line;

9.     For certain offenses committed while on school property or while attending a school-sponsored or school-related activity of another district in Texas;

10.  When the student commits a felony, as provided by Education Code 37.006 or 37.0081; and

11.  When the student is required to register as a sex offender.

Campus Behavior Coordinator

As required by law, a person at each campus must be designated to serve as the campus behavior coordinator. The designated person may be the principal of the campus or any other campus administrator selected by the principal. The campus behavior coordinator is primarily responsible for maintaining student discipline. The district shall post on its website and in the Student Handbook, for each campus, the email address and telephone number of the person serving as campus behavior coordinator. Contact information may be found at www.gobearsgo.net.

Threat Assessment and Safe and Supportive School Team

The campus behavior coordinator or other appropriate administrator will work closely with the campus threat assessment safe and supportive school team to implement the districtís threat assessment policy and procedures, as required by law, and shall take appropriate disciplinary action in accordance with the Code of Conduct.

Searches

District officials may conduct searches of students, their belongings, and their vehicles in accordance with state and federal law and district policy. Searches of students shall be conducted in a reasonable and nondiscriminatory manner. Refer to the districtís policies at FNF(LEGAL) and FNF(LOCAL) for more information regarding investigations and searches.

The district has the right to search a vehicledriven to school by a student and parked on school property whenever there is reasonable suspicion to believe it contains articles or materials prohibited by the district.

Desks, lockers, district-provided technology, and similar items are the property of the district and are provided for student use as a matter of convenience. District property is subject to search or inspectionat any time without notice.

Reporting Crimes

The principal or campus behavior coordinator and other school administrators as appropriate shall report crimesas required by law and shall call local law enforcement when an administrator suspects that a crime has been committed on campus.

Security Personnel

To ensure sufficient security and protection of students, staff, and property, the board employs school resource officers (SROs). In accordance with law, the board has coordinated with the campus behavior coordinator and other district employees to ensure appropriate law enforcement duties are assigned to security staff. The law enforcement duties of district peace officers are listed in policy CKE(LOCAL).

ďParentĒ Defined

Throughout the Code of Conduct and related discipline policies, the term ďparentĒ includes a parent, legal guardian, or other person having lawful control of the child.

Participating in Graduation Activities

The district has the right to limit a studentís participation in graduation activities for violating the districtís Code.

Participation might include a speaking role, as established by district policy and procedures.

Students eligible to give the opening and closing remarks at graduation shall be notified by the campus principal. Notwithstanding any other eligibility requirements, in order to be considered as an eligible student to give the opening or closing remarks, a student shall not have engaged in any misconduct in violation of the districtís Code resulting in an out-of-school suspension, removal to a DAEP, or expulsion during the semester immediately preceding graduation.

The valedictorian and salutatorian may also have speaking roles at graduation. No student shall be eligible to have such a speaking role if he or she engaged in any misconduct in violation of the districtís Code resulting in an out-of-school suspension, removal to a DAEP, or expulsion during the semester immediately preceding graduation.

Unauthorized Persons

In accordance with Education Code 37.105, a school administrator, school resource officer (SRO), or district police officershall have the authority to refuse entry or eject a person from district property if the person refuses to leave peaceably on request and:0.

1.     The person poses a substantial risk of harm to any person; or

2.     The person behaves in a manner that is inappropriate for a school setting, and the person persists in the behavior after being given a verbal warning that the behavior is inappropriate and may result in refusal of entry or ejection.

Appeals regarding refusal of entry or ejection from district property may be filed in accordance with policies FNG(LOCAL) or GF(LOCAL), as appropriate. However, the timelines for the districtís grievance procedures shall be adjusted as necessary to permit the person to address the board in person within 90 days, unless the complaint is resolved before a board hearing.

See DAEPóRestrictions During Placement on page 24, for information regarding a student assigned to DAEP at the time of graduation.


Standards for Student Conduct

Each student is expected to:

       Demonstrate courtesy, even when others do not.

       Behave in a responsible manner, always exercising self-discipline.

       Attend all classes, regularly and on time.

       Prepare for each class; take appropriate materials and assignments to class.

       Meet district and campus standards of grooming and dress.

       Obey all campus and classroom rules.

       Respect the rights and privileges of students, teachers, and other district staff and volunteers.

       Respect the property of others, including district property and facilities.

       Cooperate with and assist the school staff in maintaining safety, order, and discipline.

Adhere to the requirements of the Student Code of Conduct. Chapter 37 requires the Code to include standards that schools expect from students. Modify the list to emphasize conduct the district would like to encourage.


General Conduct Violations

The categories of conduct below are prohibited at school, in vehicles owned or operated by the district, and at all school-related activities, but the list does not include the most severe offenses. In the subsequent sections on Out-of-School Suspension on page 16, DAEP Placement on page 18, Placement and/or Expulsion for Certain Offenses on page 27, and Expulsion on page 30, certain offenses that require or permit specific consequences are listed. Any offense, however, may be severe enough to result in Removal from the Regular Educational Setting as detailed in that section on page 14.

Disregard for Authority

Students shall not:

       Fail to comply with directives given by school personnel (insubordination).

       Leave school groundsor school-sponsored events without permission.

       Disobey rules for conduct in district vehicles.

       Refuse to accept discipline management techniques assigned by a teacher or principal.

Mistreatment of Others

Students shall not:

       Use profanity or vulgar language or make obscene gestures.

       Fightor scuffle. (For assault,see DAEPóPlacement and/or Expulsion for Certain Offenses on page 27.)

       Threatena district student, employee, or volunteer, including off school property, if the conduct causes a substantial disruption to the educational environment.

       Engage in bullying, cyberbullying, harassment, or making hit lists. (See glossary for all four terms.)

       Release or threaten to release intimate visual material of a minor or a student who is 18 years of age or older without the studentís consent.

       Engage in conduct that constitutes sexual or gender-based harassmentor sexual abuse, whether by word, gesture, or any other conduct, directed toward another person, including a district student, employee, board member, or volunteer.

       Engage in conduct that constitutes dating violence. (See glossary.)

       Engage in inappropriate or indecent exposure of private body parts.

       Participate in hazing. (See glossary.)

       Cause an individual to act through the use of or threat of force (coercion).

       Commit extortion or blackmail (obtaining money or an object of value from an unwilling person).

       Engage in inappropriate verbal, physical, or sexual conduct directed toward another person, including a district student, employee, or volunteer.

       Record the voice or image of another without the prior consent of the individual being recorded or in any way that disrupts the educational environment or invades the privacy of others.

Property Offenses

Students shall not:

       Damage or vandalizeproperty owned by others. (For felonycriminal mischief,see DAEPóPlacement and/or Expulsion for Certain Offenses on page 27.)

       Deface or damage school propertyóincluding textbooks, technology and electronic resources, lockers, furniture, and other equipmentówith graffiti or by other means.

       Steal from students, staff, or the school.

       Commit or assist in a robberyor theft,even if it does not constitute a felonyaccording to the Penal Code. (For felony robbery, aggravated robbery, and theft, see DAEPó Placement and/or Expulsion for Certain Offenses on page 27.)

Possession of Prohibited Items

Students shall not possess or use:

       Fireworksof any kind, smoke or stink bombs, or any other pyrotechnic device;

       A razor, box cutter, chain, or any other object used in a way that threatens or inflicts bodily injury to another person;

       A ďlook-alikeĒ weapon that is intended to be used as a weapon or could reasonably be perceived as a weapon;

       An air gun or BB gun;

       Ammunition;

       A hand instrument designed to cut or stab another by being thrown;

       Knuckles;

       *A location-restricted knife;

       *A club;

       *A firearm;

       A stun gun;

       A pocketknife or any other small knife;

       Maceor pepper spray;

       Pornographic material;

       Tobacco products; cigarettes; e-cigarettes; and any component, part, or accessory for an e-cigarette device;

       Matchesor a lighter;

       A laser pointerfor other than an approved use; or

       Any articles not generally considered to be weapons, including school supplies, when the principal or designee determines that a danger exists.

*For weapons and firearms, see DAEPóPlacement and/or Expulsion for Certain Offenses on page 27. In many circumstances, possession of these items is punishable by mandatory expulsion under federal or state law.

Possession of Telecommunications or Other Electronic Devices

Students shall not:

       Use a telecommunications device, including a cell phone, or other electronic device in violation of district and campus rules.

Illegal, Prescription, and Over-the-Counter Drugs

Students shall not:

       Possess, use, give, or sell alcohol or an illegal drug. (Also see DAEP Placement on page 18and Expulsion on page 30 for mandatory and permissive consequences under state law.)

       Possess or sell seeds or pieces of marijuanain less than a usable amount.

       Possess, use, give, or sell paraphernalia related to any prohibited substance. (See glossary for ďparaphernalia.Ē)

       Possess, use, abuse, or sell look-alike drugs or attempt to pass items off as drugs or contraband.

       Abuse the studentís own prescription drug, give a prescription drug to another student, or possess or be under the influence of another personís prescription drug on school property or at a school-related event. (See glossary for ďabuse.Ē)

       Abuse over-the-counter drugs. (See glossary for ďabuse.Ē)

       Be under the influence of prescription or over-the-counter drugs that cause impairment of the physical or mental faculties. (See glossary for ďunder the influence.Ē)

       Have or take prescription drugs or over-the-counter drugs at school other than as provided by district policy.

Misuse of Technology Resources and the Internet

Students shall not:

       Violate policies, rules, or agreements signed by the student or the studentís parent regarding the use of technology resources.

       Attempt to access or circumvent passwords or other security-related information of the district, students, or employees or upload or create computer viruses, including off school property if the conduct causes a substantial disruption to the educational environment.

       Attempt to alter, destroy, or disable district technology resources including, but not limited to, computers and related equipment, district data, the data of others, or other networks connected to the districtís system, including off school property if the conduct causes a substantial disruption to the educational environment.

       Use the internet or other electronic communications to threaten or harass district students, employees, board members, or volunteers, including off school property if the conduct causes a substantial disruption to the educational environment or infringes on the rights of another student at school.

       Send, post, deliver, or possess electronic messages that are abusive, obscene, sexually oriented, threatening, harassing, damaging to anotherís reputation, or illegal, including cyberbullying and ďsexting,Ē either on or off school property, if the conduct causes a substantial disruption to the educational environment or infringes on the rights of another student at school.

       Use the internet or other electronic communication to engage in or encourage illegal behavior or threaten school safety, including off school property if the conduct causes a substantial disruption to the educational environment or infringes on the rights of another student at school.

Safety Transgressions

Students shall not:

       Possess published or electronic material that is designed to promote or encourage illegal behavior or that could threaten school safety.

       Engage in verbal (oral or written) exchanges that threaten the safety of another student, a school employee, or school property.

       Make false accusations or perpetrate hoaxes regarding school safety.

       Engage in any conduct that school officials might reasonably believe will substantially disrupt the school program or incite violence.

       Throw objects that can cause bodily injury or property damage.

       Discharge a fire extinguisher without valid cause.

Miscellaneous Offenses

Students shall not:

       Violate dress and grooming standards as communicated in the Student Handbook.

       Cheat or copy the work of another.

       Gamble.

       Falsify records, passes, or other school-related documents.

       Engage in actions or demonstrations that substantially disrupt or materially interfere with school activities.

       Repeatedly violate other communicated campus or classroom standards of conduct.

The district may impose campusor classroom rulesin addition to those found in the Code. These rules may be posted in classrooms or given to the student and may or may not constitute violations of the Code.


Discipline Management Techniques

Discipline shall be designed to improve conduct and to encourage students to adhere to their responsibilities as members of the school community. Disciplinary action shall draw on the professional judgment of teachers and administrators and on a range of discipline management techniques, including restorative practices. Discipline shall be based on the seriousness of the offense, the studentís age and grade level, the frequency of misbehavior, the studentís attitude, the effect of the misconduct on the school environment, and statutory requirements.

Students with Disabilities

The discipline of students with disabilities is subject to applicable state and federal law in addition to the Student Code of Conduct. To the extent any conflict exists, the district shall comply with federal law . For more information regarding discipline of students with disabilities, see policy FOF(LEGAL).

In accordance with the Education Code, a student who receives special educationservices may not be disciplined for conduct meeting the definition of bullying, cyberbullying, harassment, or making hit lists (see glossary) until an ARD committeemeeting has been held to review the conduct.

In deciding whether to order suspension, DAEP placement, or expulsion, regardless of whether the action is mandatory or discretionary, the district shall take into consideration a disability that substantially impairs the studentís capacity to appreciate the wrongfulness of the studentís conduct.

Techniques

The following discipline management techniques may be used alone, in combination, or as part of progressive interventions for behavior prohibited by the Student Code of Conduct or by campus or classroom rules:

       Verbal correction, oral or written.

       Cooling-off time or a brief ďtime-outĒ period, in accordance with law.

       Seating changes within the classroom or vehicles owned or operated by the district.

       Temporary confiscation of items that disrupt the educational process.

       Rewards or demerits.

       Behavioral contracts.

       Counseling by teachers, school counselors, or administrative personnel.

       Parent-teacher conferences.

       Behavior coaching.

       Anger management classes.

       Mediation (victim-offender).

       Classroom circles.

       Family group conferencing.

       Grade reductions for cheating, plagiarism, and as otherwise permitted by policy.

       Detention, including outside regular school hours.

       Sending the student to the office or other assigned area, or to in-school suspension.

       Assignment of school duties, such as cleaning or picking up litter.

       Withdrawal of privileges, such as participation in extracurricular activities, eligibility for seeking and holding honorary offices, or membership in school-sponsored clubs and organizations.

       Penalties identified in individual student organizationsí extracurricular standards of behavior.

       Restriction or revocation of district transportation privileges.

       School-assessed and school-administered probation.

       Corporal punishment, unless the studentís parent or guardian has provided a signed statement prohibiting its use.

       Out-of-school suspension, as specified in Out-of-School Suspension on page 16.

       Placement in a DAEP, as specified in DAEP on page 18.

       Placement and/or expulsion in an alternative educational setting, as specified in Placement and/or Expulsion for Certain Offenses on page 27.

       Expulsion, as specified in Expulsion on page 30.

       Referral to an outside agency or legal authority for criminal prosecution in addition to disciplinary measures imposed by the district.

       Other strategies and consequences as determined by school officials.

Prohibited Aversive Techniques

Aversive techniques are prohibited for use with students and are defined as techniques or interventions intended to reduce the reoccurrence of a behavior by intentionally inflicting significant physical or emotional discomfort or pain. Aversive techniques include:

       Using techniques designed or likely to cause physical pain, other than corporal punishment as permitted by district policy. [See policy FO(LOCAL).]

       Using techniques designed or likely to cause physical pain by electric shock or any procedure involving pressure points or joint locks.

       Directed release of noxious, toxic, or unpleasant spray, mist, or substance near a studentís face.

       Denying adequate sleep, air, food, water, shelter, bedding, physical comfort, supervision, or access to a restroom facility.

       Ridiculing or demeaning a student in a manner that adversely affects or endangers the learning or mental health of the student or constitutes verbal abuse.

       Employing a device, material, or object that immobilizes all four of a studentís extremities, including prone or supine floor restraint.

       Impairing the studentís breathing, including applying pressure to the studentís torso or neck or placing something in, on, or over the studentís mouth or nose or covering the studentís face.

       Restricting the studentís circulation.

       Securing the student to a stationary object while the student is standing or sitting.

       Inhibiting, reducing, or hindering the studentís ability to communicate.

       Using chemical restraints.

       Using time-out in a manner that prevents the student from being able to be involved in and progress appropriately in the required curriculum or any applicable individualized education program (IEP) goals, including isolating the student by the use of physical barriers.

       Depriving the student of one or more of the studentís senses, unless the technique does not cause the student discomfort or complies with the studentís IEP or behavior intervention plan (BIP).

Notification

The campus behavior coordinator shall promptly notify a studentís parent by phone or in person of any violation that may result in in-school or out-of-school suspension, placement in a DAEP, placement in a JJAEP, or expulsion. The campus behavior coordinator shall also notify a studentís parent if the student is taken into custody by a law enforcement officer under the disciplinary provisions of the Education Code. A good faith effort shall be made on the day the action was taken to provide to the student for delivery to the studentís parent written notification of the disciplinary action. If the parent has not been reached by telephone or in person by 5:00 p.m. of the first business day after the day the disciplinary action was taken, the campus behavior coordinator shall send written notification by U.S. Mail. If the campus behavior coordinator is not able to provide notice to the parent, the principal or designee shall provide the notice.

Before the principal or appropriate administrator assigns a student under age 18 to detention outside regular school hours, notice shall be given to the studentís parent to inform him or her of the reason for the detention and permit arrangements for necessary transportation.

Appeals

Questions from parents regarding disciplinary measures should be addressed to the teacher, campus administration, or campus behavior coordinator, as appropriate. Appeals or complaints regarding the use of specific discipline management techniques should be addressed in accordance with policy FNG(LOCAL). A copy of the policy may be obtained from the principalís office, the campus behavior coordinatorís office, or the central administration office or through Policy On Line at the following address: www.gobearsgo.net.

The district shall not delay a disciplinary consequence while a student or parent pursues a grievance.


Removal from the School Bus

A bus driver may refer a student to Director of Transportation to maintain effective discipline on the bus. The Director of Transportation must employ additional discipline management techniques, as appropriate, which can include restricting or revoking a studentís bus riding privileges.

Since the districtís primary responsibility in transporting students in district vehicles is to do so as safely as possible, the operator of the vehicle must focus on driving and not have his or her attention distracted by student misbehavior. Therefore, when appropriate disciplinary management techniques fail to improve student behavior or when specific misconduct warrants immediate removal, the Director of Transportation may restrict or revoke a studentís transportation privileges, in accordance with law.


Removal from the Regular Educational Setting

In addition to other discipline management techniques, misconduct may result in removal from the regular educational setting in the form of a routine referral or a formal removal.

Routine Referral

A routine referral occurs when a teacher sends a student to the campus behavior coordinatorís office as a discipline management technique. The campus behavior coordinator shall employ alternative discipline management techniques, including progressive interventions. A teacher or administrator may remove a student from class for a behavior that violates this Code to maintain effective discipline in the classroom.

Formal Removal

A teacher may also initiate a formal removal from class if:

1.     The studentís behavior has been documented by the teacher as repeatedly interfering with the teacherís ability to teach his or her class or with the studentís classmatesí ability to learn; or

2.     The behavior is so unruly, disruptive, or abusive that the teacher cannot teach, and the students in the classroom cannot learn.

Within three school days of the formal removal, the campus behavior coordinator or appropriate administrator shall schedule a conference with the studentís parent, the student, the teacher who removed the student from class, and any other appropriate administrator.

At the conference, the campus behavior coordinator or appropriate administrator shall inform the student of the alleged misconduct and the proposed consequences. The student shall have an opportunity to respond to the allegations.

When a student is removed from the regular classroom by a teacher and a conference is pending, the campus behavior coordinator or other administrator may place the student in:

       Another appropriate classroom.

       In-school suspension.

       Out-of-school suspension.

       DAEP.

A teacher or administrator must remove a student from class if the student engages in behavior that under the Education Code requires or permits the student to be placed in a DAEP or expelled. When removing for those reasons, the procedures in the subsequent sections on DAEP or expulsion shall be followed.

Returning a Student to the Classroom

When a student has been formally removed from class by a teacher for conduct against the teacher containing the elements of assault, aggravated assault, sexual assault, aggravated sexual assault, murder, capital murder, or criminal attempt to commit murder or capital murder, the student may not be returned to the teacherís class without the teacherís consent.

When a student has been formally removed by a teacher for any other conduct, the student may be returned to the teacherís class without the teacherís consent if the placement review committeedetermines that the teacherís class is the best or only alternative available.


Out-of-School Suspension

Misconduct

Students may be suspended for any behavior listed in the Code as a general conduct violation, DAEP offense, or expellable offense.

The district shall not use out-of-school suspension for students in grade 2 or below unless the conduct meets the requirements established in law.

A studentbelow grade 3 or a student who is homelessshall not be placed in out-of-school suspension unless, while on school property or while attending a school-sponsored or school-related activity on or off school property, the student engages in:

       Conduct that contains the elements of a weapons offense, as provided in Penal Code Section 46.02 or 46.05;

       Conduct that contains the elements of assault, sexual assault, aggravated assault, or aggravated sexual assault, as provided by the Penal Code; or

       Selling, giving, or delivering to another person or possessing, using, or being under the influence of any amount of marijuana, an alcoholic beverage, or a controlled substance or dangerous drug as defined by federal or state law.

The district shall use a positive behavior program as a disciplinary alternative for students below grade 3 who commit general conduct violations instead of suspension or placement in a DAEP. The program shall meet the requirements of law.

Process

State law allows a student to be suspended for no more than three school days per behavior violation, with no limit on the number of times a student may be suspended in a semester or school year.

Before being suspended a student shall have an informal conference with the campus behavior coordinator or appropriate administrator, who shall advise the student of the alleged misconduct. The student shall have the opportunity to respond to the allegation before the administrator makes a decision.

The campus behavior coordinator shall determine the number of days of a studentís suspension, not to exceed three school days.

In deciding whether to order out-of-school suspension, the campus behavior coordinator shall take into consideration:

1.     Self-defense (see glossary),

2.     Intent or lack of intent at the time the student engaged in the conduct,

3.     The studentís disciplinary history,

4.     A disability that substantially impairs the studentís capacity to appreciate the wrongfulness of the studentís conduct,

5.     A studentís status in the conservatorship of the Department of Family and Protective Services (foster care), or

6.     A studentís status as homeless.

The appropriate administrator shall determine any restrictions on participation in school-sponsored or school-related extracurricular and cocurricular activities.

Coursework During Suspension

The district shall ensure a student receives access to coursework for foundation curriculum courses while the student is placed in in-school or out-of-school suspension, including at least one method of receiving this coursework that doesnít require the use of the internet.

A student removed from the regular classroom to in-school suspension or another setting, other than a DAEP, will have an opportunity to complete before the beginning of the next school year each course the student was enrolled in at the time of removal from the regular classroom. The district may provide the opportunity by any method available, including a correspondence course, another distance learning option, or summer school. The district will not charge the student for any method of completion provided by the district.


Disciplinary Alternative Education Program (DAEP) Placement

The DAEP shall be provided in a setting other than the studentís regular classroom. An elementary school student may not be placed in a DAEP with a student who is not an elementary school student.

For purposes of DAEP, elementary classification shall be kindergartenĖgrade 5 and secondary classification shall be grades 6Ė12.

A student who is expelled for an offense that otherwise would have resulted in a DAEP placement does not have to be placed in a DAEP in addition to the expulsion.

In deciding whether to place a student in a DAEP, regardless of whether the action is mandatory or discretionary, the campus behavior coordinator shall take into consideration:

1.     Self-defense (see glossary),

2.     Intent or lack of intent at the time the student engaged in the conduct,

3.     The studentís disciplinary history,

4.     A disability that substantially impairs the studentís capacity to appreciate the wrongfulness of the studentís conduct,

5.     A studentís status in the conservatorship of the Department of Family and Protective Services (foster care), or

6.     A studentís status as homeless.0.

Discretionary Placement: Misconduct That May Result in DAEP Placement0.

A student may be placed in a DAEP for the following conduct violations:

 

Cheating or copying the work of another.

Throwing objects that can cause bodily injury or property damage.

Failing to comply with directives given by school personnel.

Leaving school grounds or school-sponsored events without permission.

Disobeying rules for conduct on school buses.

Directing profanity, vulgar language, or obscene gestures toward other students or a

District employee.

Fighting.

Hazing.

Stealing from students, staff or the school.

Damaging or vandalizing property owned by others or the school.

Defacing or damaging school property Ė including textbooks, lockers, furniture and other

†† equipment Ė with graffiti or by other means.

Possessing or using fireworks of any kind, smoke or stink bombs or any other

††† pyrotechnic device.

Discharging a fire extinguisher.

Possessing or selling a ďlook-alikeĒ weapon.

Possessing an air gun or BB gun.

Possessing a knife or razor blade.

Possessing ammunition.

Possessing a stun gun.

Possessing mace or pepper spray.

Possessing or using any articles not generally considered to be a weapon, including

††† school supplies, when the principal or designee determines that a danger exists.

Gambling.

Making false accusations or hoaxes regarding school safety.

Falsifying records, passes or other school related documents.

Committing extortion, coercion or blackmail (obtaining money or another object of value

††† from an unwilling person).

Engaging in disruptive actions or demonstrations that substantially disrupt or materially

††† interfere with school activities.

Being insubordinate.

Refusing to accept discipline management techniques assigned by a teacher or

††† principal.

Forcing an individual to act through the use of force or threat of force.

Committing or assisting in a robbery or theft even if it does not constitute a felony

††† according to the Texas Penal Code. (Felony robbery or theft offenses are addressed

††† elsewhere in the Student Code of Conduct.)

Bullying, including intimidation by name-calling, using ethnic or racial slurs, or making

††† derogatory statements that could disrupt the school program or incite violence.

Engaging in threatening behavior toward another student or District employee, on or off

††† school property.

Engaging in harassment motivated by race, color, religion, national origin, disability, or

††† age and directed toward another student or a District employee.

Engaging in any misbehavior that gives school officials reasonable cause to believe that

††† such conduct will substantially disrupt the school program or incite violence.

Engaging in inappropriate verbal, physical, or sexual contact directed toward another

††† student or a District employee.

Possessing or using matches or a lighter.

Possessing or using electronic cigarettes or products.

Possessing, smoking, or using tobacco products.

Possessing or selling look-alike drugs or items attempted to be passed off as drugs or

††† contraband.

Violating the Districtís policy on taking prescription drugs and over-the-counter drugs at

††† school.

Possessing or using a laser pointer for other than an approved use.

Violating computer use policies, rules, or agreements signed by the student, and/or

††† agreements signed by the studentís parent.

Using the Internet or other electronic communications to threaten students, employees,

††† or cause disruption to the educational program.

Sending or posting electronic messages that are abusive, obscene, sexually oriented,

††† threatening, harassing, damaging to anotherís reputation or illegal.

Engaging in verbal or written exchanges that threaten the safety of another student, a

††† school employee, or school property.

Possessing published or electronic material that is designed to promote or encourage

††† illegal behavior or that could threaten school safety, using e-mail or Web sites at school

††† to encourage illegal behavior, or threatening school safety.

Behaves in a manner that contains electronic transmission of sexual offenses as

††† described in the Texas Penal Code Chapter 43 (Excluding Felonies.) Class A citation will

††† be assigned.

Repeatedly violating dress and grooming standards as communicated in the student

††† handbook.

Repeatedly violating other communicated campus or classroom standards of behavior.

Misconduct Identified in State Law

In accordance with state law, a student may be placed in a DAEP for any one of the following offenses:

       Engaging in bullying that encourages a student to commit or attempt to commit suicide.

       Inciting violence against a student through group bullying.

       Releasing or threatening to release intimate visual material of a minor or of a student who is 18 years of age or older without the studentís consent.

       Involvement in a public school fraternity, sorority, or secret society, including participating as a member or pledge, or soliciting another person to become a pledge or member of a public school fraternity, sorority, secret society, or gang. (See glossary.)

       Involvement in criminal street gangactivity. (See glossary.)

       Any criminal mischief, including a felony.

       Assault (no bodily injury) with threat of imminent bodily injury.

       Assault by offensive or provocative physical contact.

 

In accordance with state law, a student may be placed in a DAEP if the superintendent or the superintendentís designee has reasonable belief (see glossary) that the student has engaged in conduct punishable as a felony, other than aggravated robbery or those listed as offenses in Title 5(see glossary) of the Penal Code, that occurs off school property and not at a school-sponsored or school-related event, if the studentís presence in the regular classroom threatens the safety of other students or teachers or will be detrimental to the educational process.

The campus behavior coordinator may, but is not required to, place a student in a DAEP for off-campus conduct for which DAEP placement is required by state law if the administrator does not have knowledge of the conduct before the first anniversary of the date the conduct occurred.

Mandatory Placement: Misconduct That Requires DAEP Placement

A student must be placed in a DAEP if the student:

       Engages in conduct relating to a false alarmor report (including a bomb threat) or a terroristic threatinvolving a public school. (See glossary.)

       Commits the following offenses on school property or within 300 feet of school property as measured from any point on the schoolís real property boundary line, or while attending a school-sponsored or school-related activity on or off school property:

ß  Engages in conduct punishable as a felony.

ß  Commits an assault(see glossary) under Penal Code 22.01(a)(1).

ß  Sells, gives, or delivers to another person, or possesses, uses, or is under the influence of marijuana, a controlled substance, or a dangerous drug in an amount not constituting a felony offense. A student with a valid prescription for low-THC cannabis as authorized by Chapter 487 of the Health and Safety Code does not violate this provision. (School-related felony drug offenses are addressed in Expulsion section.) (See glossary for ďunder the influence.Ē)

ß  Sells, gives, or delivers to another person an alcoholic beverage; commits a serious act or offense while under the influence of alcohol; or possesses, uses, or is under the influence of alcohol, if the conduct is not punishable as a felony offense. (School-related felony alcohol offenses are addressed in Expulsion section.)

ß  Behaves in a manner that contains the elements of an offense relating to abusable volatile chemicals.

ß  Behaves in a manner that contains the elements of the offense of public lewdness or indecent exposure. (See glossary.)

ß  Engages in conduct that contains the elements of an offense of harassment against an employee under Penal Code 42.07(a)(1), (2), (3), or (7).

       Engages in expellable conduct and is between six and nine years of age.

       Commits a federal firearmsviolation and is younger than six years of age.

       Engages in conduct that contains the elements of the offense of retaliationagainst any school employee or volunteer on or off school property. (Committing retaliation in combination with another expellable offense is addressed in Expulsion on page 30.)

       Engages in conduct punishable as aggravated robbery or a felony listed under Title 5(see glossary) of the Penal Code when the conduct occurs off school property and not at a school-sponsored or school-related event and:

ß  The student receives deferred prosecution (see glossary),

ß  A court or jury finds that the student has engaged in delinquent conduct(see glossary), or

ß  The superintendent or designee has a reasonable belief (see glossary) that the student engaged in the conduct.

Sexual Assault and Campus Assignments

If a student has been convicted of continuous sexual abuse of a young child or children or convicted of or placed on deferred adjudication for sexual assaultor aggravated sexual assaultagainst another student on the same campus, and if the victimís parent or another person with the authority to act on behalf of the victim requests that the board transferthe offending student to another campus, the offending student shall be transferred to another campus in the district. If there is no other campus in the district serving the grade level of the offending student, the offending student shall be transferred to a DAEP.

Process

Removals to a DAEP shall be made by the campus behavior coordinator.

Conference

When a student is removed from class for a DAEP offense, the campus behavior coordinator or appropriate administrator shall schedule a conference within three school days with the studentís parent, the student, and the teacher, in the case of a teacher removal.

At the conference, the campus behavior coordinator or appropriate administrator shall inform the student, orally or in writing, of the reasons for the removal and shall give the student an explanation of the basis for the removal and an opportunity to respond to the reasons for the removal.

Following valid attempts to require attendance, the district may hold the conference and make a placement decision regardless of whether the student or the studentís parents attend the conference.

Consideration of Mitigating Factors

In deciding whether to place a student in a DAEP, regardless of whether the action is mandatory or discretionary, the campus behavior coordinator shall take into consideration:ß

1.     Self-defense (see glossary),

2.     Intent or lack of intent at the time the student engaged in the conduct,

3.     The studentís disciplinary history,

4.     A disability that substantially impairs the studentís capacity to appreciate the wrongfulness of the studentís conduct, or

5.     A studentís status in the conservatorship of the Department of Family and Protective Services (foster care), or

6.     A studentís status as homeless.

Placement Order

After the conference, if the student is placed in the DAEP, the campus behavior coordinator shall write a placement order. A copy of the DAEP placement order shall be sent to the student and the studentís parent.

Not later than the second business day after the conference, the boardís designee shall deliver to the juvenile court a copy of the placement order and all information required by Section 52.04 of the Family Code.

If the student is placed in the DAEP and the length of placement is inconsistent with the guidelines included in this Code, the placement order shall give notice of the inconsistency.

Coursework Notice

The parent or guardian of a student placed in DAEP shall be given written notice of the studentís opportunity to complete a foundation curriculum course in which the student was enrolled at the time of removal and which is required for graduation, at no cost to the student. The notice shall include information regarding all methods available for completing the coursework.

Length of Placement

The campus behavior coordinator shall determine the duration of a studentís placement in a DAEP.

The duration of a studentís placement shall be determined case by case based on the seriousness of the offense, the studentís age and grade level, the frequency of misconduct, the studentís attitude, and statutory requirements.

The maximum period of DAEP placement shall be one calendar year, except as provided below.

Unless otherwise specified in the placement order, days absent from a DAEP shall not count toward fulfilling the total number of days required in a studentís DAEP placement order.

The district shall administer the required pre- and post-assessments for students assigned to DAEP for a period of 90 days or longer in accordance with established district administrative procedures for administering other diagnostic or benchmark assessments.

Exceeds One Year

Placement in a DAEP may exceed one year when a review by the district determines that the student is a threat to the safety of other students or to district employees.

The statutory limitations on the length of a DAEP placement do not apply to a placement resulting from the boardís decision to place a student who engaged in the sexual assaultof another student so that the students are not assigned to the same campus.

Exceeds School Year

Students who commit offenses requiring placement in a DAEP at the end of one school year may be required to continue that placement at the start of the next school year to complete the assigned term of placement.

For placement in a DAEP to extend beyond the end of the school year, the campus behavior coordinator or the boardís designee must determine that:0.

1.     The studentís presence in the regular classroom or campus presents a danger of physical harm to the student or others, or

2.     The student has engaged in serious or persistent misbehavior (see glossary) that violates the districtís Code.

Exceeds 60 Days

For placement in a DAEP to extend beyond 60 days or the end of the next grading period, whichever is sooner, a studentís parent shall be given notice and the opportunity to participate in a proceeding before the board or the boardís designee.

Appeals

Questions from parents regarding disciplinary measures should be addressed to the campus administration.

Student or parent appeals regarding a studentís placement in a DAEP should be addressed in accordance with policy FNG(LOCAL). A copy of this policy may be obtained from the principalís office, the campus behavior coordinatorís office, the central administration office, or through Policy On Line at the following address www.gobearsgo.net.

Appeals shall begin at Level One with the campus administrator.

The district shall not delay disciplinary consequences pending the outcome of an appeal. The decision to place a student in a DAEP cannot be appealed beyond the board.

Restrictions During Placement

The district does not permit a student who is placed in a DAEP to participate in any school-sponsored or school-related extracurricular or cocurricular activity, including seeking or holding honorary positions and/or membership in school-sponsored clubs and organizations.

A student placed in a DAEP shall not be provided transportation unless he or she is a student with a disabilitywho is entitled to transportation in accordance with the studentís individualized education program (IEP) or Section 504 plan.

For seniors who are eligible to graduate and are assigned to a DAEP at the time of graduation, the placement in the program shall continue through graduation, and the student shall not be allowed to participate in the graduation ceremony and related graduation activities.

Placement Review

A student placed in a DAEP shall be provided a review of his or her status, including academic status, by the campus behavior coordinator or the boardís designee at intervals not to exceed 120 days. In the case of a high school student, the studentís progress toward graduation and the studentís graduation plan shall also be reviewed. At the review, the student or the studentís parent shall be given the opportunity to present arguments for the studentís return to the regular classroom or campus. The student may not be returned to the classroom of a teacher who removed the student without that teacherís consent.

Additional Misconduct

If during the term of placement in a DAEP the student engages in additional misconduct for which placement in a DAEP or expulsion is required or permitted, additional proceedings may be conducted, and the campus behavior coordinator may enter an additional disciplinary order as a result of those proceedings.

Notice of Criminal Proceedings

When a student is placed in a DAEP for certain offenses, the office of the prosecuting attorney shall notify the district if:0.

1.     Prosecution of a studentís case was refused for lack of prosecutorial merit or insufficient evidence and no formal proceedings, deferred adjudication (see glossary), or deferred prosecution will be initiated; or

2.     The court or jury found a student not guilty, or made a finding that the student did not engage in delinquent conductor conduct indicating a need for supervision, and the case was dismissed with prejudice.

If a student was placed in a DAEP for such conduct, on receiving the notice from the prosecutor, the superintendent or designee shall review the studentís placement and schedule a review with the studentís parent not later than the third day after the superintendent or designee receives notice from the prosecutor. The student may not be returned to the regular classroom pending the review.

After reviewing the notice and receiving information from the studentís parent, the superintendent or designee may continue the studentís placement if there is reason to believe that the presence of the student in the regular classroom threatens the safety of other students or teachers.

The student or the studentís parent may appeal the superintendentís decision to the board. The student may not be returned to the regular classroom pending the appeal. In the case of an appeal, the board shall, at the next scheduled meeting, review the notice from the prosecutor and receive information from the student, the studentís parent, and the superintendent or designee, and confirm or reverse the decision of the superintendent or designee. The board shall make a record of the proceedings.

If the board confirms the decision of the superintendent or designee, the student and the studentís parent may appeal to the Commissioner of Education. The student may not be returned to the regular classroom pending the appeal.

Withdrawal During Process

When a student violates the districtís Code in a way that requires or permits the student to be placed in a DAEP and the student withdraws from the district before a placement order is completed, the campus behavior coordinator may complete the proceedings and issue a placement order. If the student then re-enrolls in the district during the same or a subsequent school year, the district may enforce the order at that time, less any period of the placement that has been served by the student during enrollment in another district. If the campus behavior coordinator or the board fails to issue a placement order after the student withdraws, the next district in which the student enrolls may complete the proceedings and issue a placement order.

Newly Enrolled Students

The district shall decide on a case-by-case basis whether to continue the placement of a student who enrolls in the district and was assigned to a DAEP in an open-enrollment charter school or another district. The district may place the student in the districtís DAEP or a regular classroom setting.

A newly enrolled student with a DAEP placement from a district in another state shall be placed as any other newly enrolled student if the behavior committed is a reason for DAEP placement in the receiving district.

If the student was placed in a DAEP by a school district in another state for a period that exceeds one year, this district, by state law, shall reduce the period of the placement so that the total placement does not exceed one year. After a review, however, the placement may be extended beyond a year if the district determines that the student is a threat to the safety of other students or employees or the extended placement is in the best interest of the student.

Emergency Placement Procedure

When an emergency placement is necessary because the studentís behavior is so unruly, disruptive, or abusive that it seriously interferes with classroom or school operations, the student shall be given oral notice of the reason for the action. Not later than the tenth day after the date of the placement, the student shall be given the appropriate conference required for assignment to a DAEP.

Transition Services

In accordance with law and district procedures, campus staff shall provide transition services to a student returning to the regular classroom from an alternative education program, including a DAEP. See policy FOCA(LEGAL) for more information.


Placement and/or Expulsion for Certain Offenses

This section includes two categories of offenses for which the Education Code provides unique procedures and specific consequences.

Registered Sex Offenders

Upon receiving notification in accordance with state law that a student is currently required to register as a sex offender, the district must remove the student from the regular classroom and determine appropriate placement unless the court orders JJAEPplacement.

If the student is under any form of court supervision, including probation, community supervision, or parole, the placement shall be in either DAEP or JJAEPfor at least one semester.

If the student is not under any form of court supervision, the placement may be in DAEPor JJAEPfor one semester or the placement may be in a regular classroom. The placement may not be in the regular classroom if the board or its designee determines that the studentís presence:0.

1.     Threatens the safety of other students or teachers,

2.     Will be detrimental to the educational process, or

3.     Is not in the best interests of the districtís students.

Review Committee0.

At the end of the first semester of a studentís placement in an alternative educational setting and before the beginning of each school year for which the student remains in an alternative placement, the district shall convene a committee, in accordance with state law, to review the studentís placement. The committee shall recommend whether the student should return to the regular classroom or remain in the placement. Absent a special finding, the board or its designee must follow the committeeís recommendation.

The placement review of a student with a disabilitywho receives special education services must be made by the ARD committee.

Newly Enrolled Student

If a student enrolls in the district during a mandatory placement as a registered sex offender, the district may count any time already spent by the student in a placement or may require an additional semester in an alternative placement without conducting a review of the placement.

Appeal

A student or the studentís parent may appeal the placement by requesting a conference between the board or its designee, the student, and the studentís parent. The conference is limited to the factual question of whether the student is required to register as a sex offender. Any decision of the board or its designee under this section is final and may not be appealed.

Certain Felonies

Regardless of whether placement or expulsion is required or permitted by one of the reasons in the DAEP Placement or Expulsion sections, in accordance with Education Code 37.0081, a student may be expelled and placed in either DAEP or JJAEPif the board or campus behavior coordinator makes certain findings and the following circumstances exist in relation to aggravated robbery or a felonyoffense under Title 5(see glossary) of the Penal Code. The student must:

       Have received deferred prosecution for conduct defined as aggravated robbery or a Title 5felonyoffense;

       Have been found by a court or jury to have engaged in delinquent conductfor conduct defined as aggravated robbery or a Title 5felonyoffense;

       Have been charged with engaging in conduct defined as aggravated robbery or a Title 5felonyoffense;

       Have been referred to a juvenile court for allegedly engaging in delinquent conductfor conduct defined as aggravated robbery or a Title 5felonyoffense; or

       Have received probation or deferred adjudication or have been arrested for, charged with, or convicted of aggravated robbery or a Title 5felonyoffense.

The district may expel the student and order placement under these circumstances regardless of:

1.     The date on which the studentís conduct occurred,

2.     The location at which the conduct occurred,

3.     Whether the conduct occurred while the student was enrolled in the district, or

4.     Whether the student has successfully completed any court disposition requirements imposed in connection with the conduct.

Hearing and Required Findings

The student must first have a hearing before the board or its designee, who must determine that in addition to the circumstances above that allow for the expulsion, the studentís presence in the regular classroom:0.

1.     Threatens the safety of other students or teachers,

2.     Will be detrimental to the educational process, or

3.     Is not in the best interest of the districtís students.

Any decision of the board or the boardís designee under this section is final and may not be appealed.

Length of Placement0.

The student is subject to the placement until:

1.     The student graduates from high school,

2.     The charges are dismissed or reduced to a misdemeanor offense, or

3.     The student completes the term of the placement or is assigned to another program.

Placement Review

A student placed in a DAEP or JJAEP under these circumstances is entitled to a review of his or her status, including academic status, by the campus behavior coordinator or boardís designee at intervals not to exceed 120 days. In the case of a high school student, the studentís progress toward graduation and the studentís graduation plan shall also be reviewed. At the review, the student or the studentís parent shall have the opportunity to present arguments for the studentís return to the regular classroom or campus.

Newly Enrolled Students

A student who enrolls in the district before completing a placement under this section from another school district must complete the term of the placement.


Expulsion

In deciding whether to order expulsion, regardless of whether the action is mandatory or discretionary, the campus behavior coordinator shall take into consideration:0.

1.     Self-defense (see glossary),

2.     Intent or lack of intent at the time the student engaged in the conduct,

3.     The studentís disciplinary history,

4.     A disability that substantially impairs the studentís capacity to appreciate the wrongfulness of the studentís conduct,

5.     A studentís status in the conservatorship of the Department of Family and Protective Services (foster care), or

6.     A studentís status as homeless.

Discretionary Expulsion: Misconduct That May Result in Expulsion

Some of the following types of misconduct may result in mandatory placement in a DAEP, whether or not a student is expelled. (See DAEP Placement on page 18)0.

Any Location

A student may be expelled for:

       Engaging in bullying that encourages a student to commit or attempt to commit suicide.

       Inciting violence against a student through group bullying.

       Releasing or threatening to release intimate visual material of a minor or of a student who is 18 years of age or older without the studentís consent.

       Conduct that contains the elements of assaultunder Penal Code 22.01(a)(1) in retaliationagainst a school employee or volunteer.

       Criminal mischief, if punishable as a felony.

       Engaging in conduct that contains the elements of one of the following offenses against another student:

ß  Aggravated assault.

ß  Sexual assault.

ß  Aggravated sexual assault.

ß  Murder.

ß  Capital murder.

ß  Criminal attempt to commit murder or capital murder.

ß  Aggravated robbery.

       Breach of computer security. (See glossary)

       Engaging in conduct relating to a false alarmor report (including a bomb threat) or a terroristic threatinvolving a public school.

At School, Within 300 Feet, or at a School Event

A student may be expelled for committing any of the following offenses on or within 300 feet of school property, as measured from any point on the schoolís real property boundary line, or while attending a school-sponsored or school-related activity on or off school property:

       Selling, giving, or delivering to another person, or possessing, using, or being under the influence of marijuana, a controlled substance, or a dangerous drug, if the conduct is not punishable as a felony. A student with a valid prescription for low-THC cannabis as authorized by Chapter 487 of the Health and Safety Code does not violate this provision. (See glossary for ďunder the influence.Ē)

       Selling, giving, or delivering to another person, or possessing, using, or being under the influence of alcohol; or committing a serious act or offense while under the influence of alcohol, if the conduct is not punishable as a felony.

       Engaging in conduct that contains the elements of an offense relating to abusable volatile chemicals.

       Engaging in conduct that contains the elements of assaultunder Section 22.01(a)(1) against an employee or a volunteer.

       Engaging in deadly conduct. (See glossary.)

Within 300 Feet of School

A student may be expelled for engaging in the following conduct while within 300 feet of school property, as measured from any point on the schoolís real property boundary line:

       Aggravated assault, sexual assault, or aggravated sexual assault.

       Arson. (See glossary.)

       Murder, capital murder, or criminal attempt to commit murder or capital murder.

       Indecency with a child, aggravated kidnapping, manslaughter, criminally negligent homicide, or aggravated robbery.

       Continuous sexual abuse of a young child or children.

       Felony drug- or alcohol-related offense.

       Unlawfully carrying on or about the studentís person a handgun or a location-restricted knife, as these terms are defined by state law. (See glossary.)

       Possessing, manufacturing, transporting, repairing, or selling a prohibited weapon, as defined by state law. (See glossary.)

       Possession of a firearm, as defined by federal law.(See glossary.)

Property of Another District

A student may be expelled for committing any offense that is a state-mandated expellable offense if the offense is committed on the property of another district in Texas or while the student is attending a school-sponsored or school-related activity of a school in another district in Texas.

While in DAEP

A student may be expelled for engaging in documented serious misbehavior that violates the districtís Code, despite documented behavioral interventions while placed in a DAEP.For purposes of discretionary expulsion from a DAEP, serious misbehavior means:

1.     Deliberate violent behavior that poses a direct threat to the health or safety of others;

2.     Extortion, meaning the gaining of money or other property by force or threat;

3.     Conduct that constitutes coercion, as defined by Section 1.07, Penal Code; or

4.     Conduct that constitutes the offense of:0.

a)     Public lewdness under Penal Code 21.07;

b)     Indecent exposure under Penal Code 21.08;

c)     Criminal mischief under Penal Code 28.03;

d)     Hazing under Education Code 37.152; or

e)     Harassment under Penal Code 42.07(a)(1) of a student or district employee.

Mandatory Expulsion: Misconduct That Requires Expulsion)

A student must be expelled under federal or state law for any of the following offenses that occur on school property or while attending a school-sponsored or school-related activity on or off school property:

Under Federal Law

       Bringing to school or possessing at school, including any setting that is under the districtís control or supervision for the purpose of a school activity, a firearm, as defined by federal law. (See glossary.)

Note: Mandatory expulsion under the federal Gun Free Schools Act does not apply to a firearm that is lawfully stored inside a locked vehicle, or to firearms used in activities approved and authorized by the district when the district has adopted appropriate safeguards to ensure student safety.

Under the Penal Code

       Unlawfully carrying on or about the studentís person the following, in the manner prohibited by Penal Code 46.02:

ß  A handgun, defined by state law as any firearm designed, made, or adapted to be used with one hand. (See glossary.)
Note: A student may not be expelled solely on the basis of the studentís use, exhibition, or possession of a firearm that occurs at an approved target range facility that is not located on a school campus, while participating in or preparing for a school-sponsored, shooting sports competition or a shooting sports educational activity that is sponsored or supported by the Parks and Wildlife Department, or a shooting sports sanctioning organization working with the department. [See policy FNCG(LEGAL).]

ß  A location-restricted knife, as defined by state law. (See glossary.)

       Possessing, manufacturing, transporting, repairing, or selling a prohibited weapon, as defined in state law. (See glossary.)

       Behaving in a manner that contains elements of the following offenses under the Penal Code:

ß  Aggravated assault, sexual assault, or aggravated sexual assault.

ß  Arson. (See glossary.)

ß  Murder, capital murder, or criminal attempt to commit murder or capital murder.

ß  Indecency with a child.

ß  Aggravated kidnapping.

ß  Aggravated robbery.

ß  Manslaughter.

ß  Criminally negligent homicide.

ß  Continuous sexual abuse of a young child or children.

ß  Behavior punishable as a felonythat involves selling, giving, or delivering to another person, or possessing, using, or being under the influence of marijuana, a controlled substance, a dangerous drug,or alcohol; or committing a serious act or offense while under the influence of alcohol.

       Engaging in retaliationagainst a school employee or volunteer combined with one of the above-listed mandatory expulsion offenses.

Under Age Ten

When a student under the age of ten engages in behavior that is expellable behavior, the student shall not be expelled, but shall be placed in a DAEP.A student under age six shall not be placed in a DAEP unless the student commits a federal firearm offense.

Process

If a student is believed to have committed an expellable offense, the campus behavior coordinator or other appropriate administrator shall schedule a hearing within a reasonable time. The studentís parent shall be invited in writing to attend the hearing.

Until a hearing can be held, the campus behavior coordinator or other administrator may place the student in:

       Another appropriate classroom.

       In-school suspension.

       Out-of-school suspension.

       DAEP.

Hearing

A student facing expulsion shall be given a hearing with appropriate due process. The student is entitled to:

1.     Representation by the studentís parent or another adult who can provide guidance to the student and who is not an employee of the district,

2.     An opportunity to testify and to present evidence and witnesses in the studentís defense, and

3.     An opportunity to question the witnesses called by the district at the hearing.

4.     After providing notice to the student and parent of the hearing, the district may hold the hearing regardless of whether the student or the studentís parent attends.0.

 

The board of trustees delegates to the Superintendent authority to conduct hearings and expel students.

Board Review of Expulsion

After the due process hearing, the expelled student may request that the board review the expulsion decisions. The student or parent must submit a written request to the superintendent within seven days after receipt of the written decision. The superintendent must provide the student or parent written notice of the date, time, and place of the meeting at which the board will review the decision.

The board shall review the record of the expulsion hearing in a closed meeting unless the parent requests in writing that the matter be held in an open meeting. The board may also hear a statement from the student or parent and from the boardís designee.

The board shall hear statements made by the parties at the review and shall base its decision on evidence reflected in the record and any statements made by the parties at the review. The board shall make and communicate its decision orally at the conclusion of the presentation. Consequences shall not be deferred pending the outcome of the hearing.

Expulsion Order

Before ordering the expulsion, the board or campus behavior coordinator shall take into consideration:

1.     Self-defense (see glossary),

2.     Intent or lack of intent at the time the student engaged in the conduct,

3.     The studentís disciplinary history,

4.     A disability that substantially impairs the studentís capacity to appreciate the wrongfulness of the studentís conduct,

5.     A studentís status in the conservatorship of the Department of Family and Protective Services (foster care), or

6.     A studentís status as homeless.0.

If the student is expelled, the board or its designee shall deliver to the student and the studentís parent a copy of the order expelling the student.

Not later than the second business day after the hearing, the Superintendent or School Resource Officer shall deliver to the juvenile court a copy of the expulsion order and the information required by Section 52.04 of the Family Code.

If the length of the expulsion is inconsistent with the guidelines included in the Student Code of Conduct, the expulsion order shall give notice of the inconsistency.

Length of Expulsion

The length of an expulsion shall be based on the seriousness of the offense, the studentís age and grade level, the frequency of misbehavior, the studentís attitude, and statutory requirements.

The duration of a studentís expulsion shall be determined on a case-by-case basis. The maximum period of expulsion is one calendar year, except as provided below.

An expulsion may not exceed one year unless, after review, the district determines that:

1.     The student is a threat to the safety of other students or to district employees, or

2.     Extended expulsion is in the best interest of the student.

State and federal law require a student to be expelled from the regular classroom for a period of at least one calendar year for bringing a firearm, as defined by federal law, to school. However, the superintendent may modify the length of the expulsion on a case-by-case basis.

Students who commit offenses that require expulsion at the end of one school year may be expelled into the next school year to complete the term of expulsion.

Withdrawal During Process

When a student has violated the districtís Code in a way that requires or permits expulsion from the district and the student withdraws from the district before the expulsion hearing takes place, the district may conduct the hearing after sending written notice to the parent and student.

If the student then re-enrolls in the district during the same or subsequent school year, the district may enforce the expulsion order at that time, less any expulsion period that has been served by the student during enrollment in another district.

If the campus behavior coordinator or the board fails to issue an expulsion order after the student withdraws, the next district in which the student enrolls may complete the proceedings.

Additional Misconduct

If during the expulsion, the student engages in additional conduct for which placement in a DAEP or expulsion is required or permitted, additional proceedings may be conducted, and the campus behavior coordinator or the board may issue an additional disciplinary order as a result of those proceedings.

Restrictions During Expulsion

Expelled students are prohibited from being on school grounds or attending school-sponsored or school-related activities during the period of expulsion.

No district academic credit shall be earned for work missed during the period of expulsion unless the student is enrolled in a JJAEPor another district-approved program.

Newly Enrolled Students

The district shall decide on a case-by-case basis the placement of a student who is subject to an expulsion order from another district or an open-enrollment charter school upon enrollment in the district.

If a student expelled in another state enrolls in the district, the district may continue the expulsion under the terms of the expulsion order, may place the student in a DAEP for the period specified in the order, or may allow the student to attend regular classes if:0.

1.     The out-of-state district provides the district with a copy of the expulsion order, and

2.     The offense resulting in the expulsion is also an expellable offense in the district in which the student is enrolling.

If a student is expelled by a district in another state for a period that exceeds one year and the district continues the expulsion or places the student in a DAEP, the district shall reduce the period of the expulsion or DAEP placement so that the entire period does not exceed one year, unless after a review it is determined that:0.

1.     The student is a threat to the safety of other students or district employees, or

2.     Extended placement is in the best interest of the student.

Emergency Expulsion Procedures

When an emergency expulsion is necessary to protect persons or property from imminent harm, the student shall be given verbal notice of the reason for the action. Within ten days after the date of the emergency expulsion, the student shall be given appropriate due process required for a student facing expulsion.

DAEP Placement of Expelled Students

The district may provide educational services to any expelled student in a DAEP; however, educational services in the DAEP must be provided if the student is less than ten years of age.

Transition Services

In accordance with law and district procedures, campus staff shall provide transition services for a student returning to the regular classroom from placement in an alternative education program, including a DAEP or JJAEP. See policies FOCA(LEGAL) and FODA(LEGAL) for more information.


Glossary

Abuse is improper or excessive use.

Aggravated robbery is defined in part by Penal Code 29.03(a) as when a person commits robbery and:0.

1.     Causes serious bodily injury to another;

2.     Uses or exhibits a deadly weapon; or

3.     Causes bodily injury to another person or threatens or places another person in fear of imminent bodily injury or death, if the other person is:

a)     65 years of age or older, or

b)     A disabled person.

Armor-piercing ammunition is defined by Penal Code 46.01 as handgun ammunition used in pistols and revolvers and designed primarily for the purpose of penetrating metal or body armor.

Arson is defined in part by Penal Code 28.02 as:))))))

1.     A crime that involves starting a fire or causing an explosion with intent to destroy or damage:

a)     Any vegetation, fence, or structure on open-space land; or

b)     Any building, habitation, or vehicle:)

1)     Knowing that it is within the limits of an incorporated city or town,

2)     Knowing that it is insured against damage or destruction,

3)     Knowing that it is subject to a mortgage or other security interest,

4)     Knowing that it is located on property belonging to another,

5)     Knowing that it has located within it property belonging to another, or

6)     When the person starting the fire is reckless about whether the burning or explosion will endanger the life of some individual or the safety of the property of another.

2.     A crime that involves recklessly starting a fire or causing an explosion while manufacturing or attempting to manufacture a controlled substance and the fire or explosion damages any building, habitation, or vehicle; or

3.     A crime that involves intentionally starting a fire or causing an explosion and in so doing:

a)     Recklessly damages or destroys a building belonging to another, or

b)     Recklessly causes another person to suffer bodily injury or death.

Assault is defined in part by Penal Code ß22.01(a)(1) as intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly causing bodily injury to another; ß22.01(a)(2) as intentionally or knowingly threatening another with imminent bodily injury; and ß22.01(a)(3) as intentionally or knowingly causing physical contact with another that can reasonably be regarded as offensive or provocative.

Breach of computer security includes knowingly accessing a computer, computer network, or computer system without the effective consent of the owner as defined in Penal Code 33.02, if the conduct involves accessing a computer, computer network, or computer system owned by or operated on behalf of a school district; and the student knowingly alters, damages, or deletes school district property or information; or commits a breach of any other computer, computer network, or computer system.

Bullying is defined in Section 37.0832 of the Education Code as a single significant act or a pattern of acts by one or more students directed at another student that exploits an imbalance of power and involves engaging in written or verbal expression, expression through electronic means, or physical conduct that:)

1.     Has the effect or will have the effect of physically harming a student, damaging a studentís property, or placing a student in reasonable fear of harm to the studentís person or of damage to the studentís property;

2.     Is sufficiently severe, persistent, or pervasive enough that the action or threat creates an intimidating, threatening, or abusive educational environment for a student;

3.     Materially and substantially disrupts the educational process or the orderly operation of a classroom or school; or

4.     Infringes on the rights of the victim at school.0.

Bullying includes cyberbullying. (See below) This state law on bullying prevention applies to:

1.     Bullying that occurs on or is delivered to school property or to the site of a school-sponsored or school-related activity on or off school property;

2.     Bullying that occurs on a publicly or privately owned school bus or vehicle being used for transportation of students to or from school or a school-sponsored or school-related activity; and

3.     Cyberbullying that occurs off school property or outside of a school-sponsored or school-related activity if the cyberbullying interferes with a studentís educational opportunities or substantially disrupts the orderly operation of a classroom, school, or school-sponsored or school-related activity.

Chemical dispensing device is defined by Penal Code 46.01 as a device designed, made, or adapted for the purpose of dispensing a substance capable of causing an adverse psychological or physiological effect on a human being. A small chemical dispenser sold commercially for personal protection is not in this category.

Club is defined byPenal Code 46.01 as an instrument specially designed, made, or adapted for the purpose of inflicting serious bodily injury or death. A blackjack, nightstick, mace, and tomahawk are in the same category.

Controlled substance means a substance, including a drug, an adulterant, and a dilutant, listed in Schedules I through V or Penalty Group 1, 1-A, 2, 2-A, 3, or 4 of the Texas Controlled Substances Act. The term includes the aggregate weight of any mixture, solution, or other substance containing a controlled substance. The term does not include hemp, as defined by Agriculture Code 121.001, or the tetrahydrocannabinols (THC) in hemp.

Criminal street gangis defined by Penal Code 71.01 as three or more persons having a common identifying sign or symbol or an identifiable leadership who continuously or regularly associate in the commission of criminal activities.

Cyberbullying is defined by Section 37.0832 of the Education Code as bullying that is done through the use of any electronic communication device, including through the use of a cellular or other type of telephone, a computer, a camera, electronic mail, instant messaging, text messaging, a social media application, an internet website, or any other internet-based communication tool.

Dangerous drug is defined by Health and Safety Code 483.001 as a device or a drug that is unsafe for self-medication and that is not included in Schedules I through V or Penalty Groups 1 through 4 of the Texas Controlled Substances Act. The term includes a device or drug that federal law prohibits dispensing without prescription or restricts to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian.

Dating violence occurs when a person in a current or past dating relationship uses physical, sexual, verbal, or emotional abuse to harm, threaten, intimidate, or control another person in the relationship. Dating violence also occurs when a person commits these acts against a person in a marriage or dating relationship with the individual who is or was once in a marriage or dating relationship with the person committing the offense, as defined by Section 71.0021 of the Family Code.

Deadly conduct under Penal Code 22.05 occurs when a person recklessly engages in conduct that places another in imminent danger of serious bodily injury, such as knowingly discharging a firearm in the direction of an individual, habitation, building, or vehicle.

Deferred adjudication is an alternative to seeking a conviction in court that may be offered to a juvenile for delinquent conductor conduct indicating a need for supervision.

Deferred prosecution may be offered to a juvenile as an alternative to seeking a conviction in court for delinquent conductor conduct indicating a need for supervision.

Delinquent conduct is conduct that violates either state or federal law and is punishable by imprisonment or confinement in jail. It includes conduct that violates certain juvenile court orders, including probation orders, but does not include violations of traffic laws.

Discretionary means that something is left to or regulated by a local decision maker.

E-cigarette means an electronic cigarette or any other device that simulates smoking by using a mechanical heating element, battery, or electronic circuit to deliver nicotine or other substances to the individual inhaling from the device. The term includes any device that is manufactured, distributed, or sold as an e-cigarette, e-cigar, or e-pipe or under another product name or description and a component, part, or accessory for the device, regardless of whether the component, part, or accessory is sold separately from the device.

Explosive weapon is defined by Penal Code 46.01 as any explosive or incendiary bomb, grenade, rocket, or mine and its delivery mechanism that is designed, made, or adapted for the purpose of inflicting serious bodily injury, death, or substantial property damage, or for the principal purpose of causing such a loud report as to cause undue public alarm or terror.

False alarm or report under Penal Code 42.06 occurs when a person knowingly initiates, communicates, or circulates a report of a present, past, or future bombing, fire, offense, or other emergency that he or she knows is false or baseless and that would ordinarily:0.

1.     Cause action by an official or volunteer agency organized to deal with emergencies;

2.     Place a person in fear of imminent serious bodily injury; or

3.     Prevent or interrupt the occupation of a building, room, or place of assembly.0.

Firearm is defined by federal law (18 U.S.C. 921(a)) as:

1.     Any weapon (including a starter gun) that will, is designed to, or may readily be converted to expel a projectile by the action of an explosive;

2.     The frame or receiver of any such weapon;

3.     Any firearm muffler or firearm weapon; or

4.     Any destructive device, such as any explosive, incendiary or poison gas bomb, or grenade.

Such term does not include an antique firearm.

Firearm silencer is defined byPenal Code 46.01 as any device designed, made, or adapted to muffle the report of a firearm.

Graffiti includes markings with paint, an indelible pen or marker, or an etching or engraving device on tangible property without the effective consent of the owner. The markings may include inscriptions, slogans, drawings, or paintings.

Handgun is defined by Penal Code 46.01 as any firearm that is designed, made, or adapted to be fired with one hand.

Harassment includes:0.

1.     Conduct that meets the definition established in district policies DIA(LOCAL) and FFH(LOCAL);

2.     Conduct that threatens to cause harm or bodily injury to another person, including a district student, employee, board member, or volunteer; is sexually intimidating; causes physical damage to the property of another student; subjects another student to physical confinement or restraint; or maliciously and substantially harms another studentís physical or emotional health or safety, as defined in Section 37.001(b)(2) of the Education Code; or

3.     Conduct that is punishable as a crime under Penal Code 42.07, including the following types of conduct if carried out with the intent to harass, annoy, alarm, abuse, torment, or embarrass another:0.

a)     Initiating communication and, in the course of the communication, making a comment, request, suggestion, or proposal that is obscene, as defined by law;

b)     Threatening, in a manner reasonably likely to alarm the person receiving the threat, to inflict bodily injury on the person or to commit a felony against the person, a member of the personís family or household, or the personís property;

c)     Conveying, in a manner reasonably likely to alarm the person receiving the report, a false report, which is known by the conveyor to be false, that another person has suffered death or serious bodily injury; and

d)     Sending repeated electronic communications in a manner reasonably likely to harass, annoy, alarm, abuse, torment, embarrass, or offend another.

Hazing is defined by Section 37.151 of the Education Code as an intentional, knowing, or reckless act, on or off campus, by one person alone or acting with others,directed against a student for the purpose of pledging, initiation into, affiliation with, holding office in, or maintaining membership in a student organization if the act meets the elements in Education Code 37.151, including:)

1.     Any type of physical brutality;

2.     An activity that subjects the student to an unreasonable risk of harm or that adversely affects the studentís mental or physical health, such as sleep deprivation, exposure to the elements, confinement to small spaces, calisthenics, or consumption of food, liquids, drugs, or other substances;

3.     An activity that induces, causes, or requires the student to perform a duty or task that violates the Penal Code; and

4.     Coercing a student to consume a drug or alcoholic beverage in an amount that would lead a reasonable person to believe the student is intoxicated.

Hit list is defined in Section 37.001(b)(3) of the Education Code as a list of people targeted to be harmed, using a firearm, a knife, or any other object to be used with intent to cause bodily harm.

Improvised explosive deviceis defined by Penal Code 46.01 as a completed and operational bomb designed to cause serious bodily injury, death, or substantial property damage that is fabricated in an improvised manner using nonmilitary components.

Indecent exposure is defined by Penal Code 21.08 as an offense that occurs when a person exposes the personís anus or any part of the personís genitals with intent to arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any person, and is reckless about whether another is present who will be offended or alarmed by the act.

Intimate visual material is defined by Civil Practices and Remedies Code 98B.001 andPenal Code 21.16 as visual material that depicts a person with the personís intimate parts exposed or engaged in sexual conduct. ďVisual materialĒ means any film, photograph, video tape, negative, or slide of any photographic reproduction or any other physical medium that allows an image to be displayed on a computer or other video screen and any image transmitted to a computer or other video screen.

Location-restricted knife is defined by Penal Code 46.01 as a knife with a blade over five and one-half inches.

Knuckles means any instrument consisting of finger rings or guards made of a hard substance and designed or adapted for inflicting serious bodily injury or death by striking a person with a fist enclosed in the knuckles.

Look-alike weapon means an item that resembles a weapon but is not intended to be used to cause serious bodily injury.

Machine gun as defined by Penal Code 46.01 is any firearm that is capable of shooting more than two shots automatically, without manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger.

Mandatory means that something is obligatory or required because of an authority.

Paraphernalia are devices that can be used for inhaling, ingesting, injecting, or otherwise introducing a controlled substance into a human body.

Possession means to have an item on oneís person or in oneís personal property, including, but not limited to, clothing, purse, or backpack; a private vehicle used for transportation to or from school or school-related activities, including, but not limited, to an automobile, truck, motorcycle, or bicycle; telecommunications or electronic devices; or any school property used by the student, including, but not limited to, a locker or desk.

Prohibited weapon under Penal Code 46.05(a) means:0.

1.     The following items unless registered with the U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives or otherwise not subject to that registration requirement or unless the item is classified as a curio or relic by the U.S. Department of Justice:

a)     An explosive weapon;

b)     A machine gun;

c)     A short-barrel firearm; )

2.     Armor-piercing ammunition;

3.     A chemical dispensing device;

4.     A zip gun;

5.     A tire deflation device;

6.     An improvised explosive device;or

7.     A firearm silencer, unless classified as a curio or relic by the U.S. Department of Justice or the actor otherwise possesses, manufactures, transports, repairs, or sells the firearm silencer in compliance with federal law.

Public Lewdness is defined by Penal Code 21.07 as an offense that occurs when a person knowingly engages in an act of sexual intercourse, deviate sexual intercourse, or sexual contact in a public place or, if not in a public place, is reckless about whether another is present who will be offended or alarmed by the act.

Public school fraternity, sorority, secret society, or gangmeans an organization composed wholly or in part of students that seeks to perpetuate itself by taking additional members from the students enrolled in school based on a decision of its membership rather than on the free choice of a qualified student. Educational organizations listed in Section 37.121(d) of the Education Code are excepted from this definition.

Reasonable belief is that which an ordinary person of average intelligence and sound mind would believe. Chapter 37 requires certain disciplinary decisions when the superintendent or designee has a reasonable belief that a student engaged in conduct punishable as a felony offense. In forming such a reasonable belief, the superintendent or designee may use all available information, including the notice of a studentís arrest under Article 15.27 of the Code of Criminal Procedure.

Self-defense is the use of force against another to the degree a person reasonably believes the force is immediately necessary to protect himself or herself.

Serious misbehavior means:0.

1.     Deliberate violent behavior that poses a direct threat to the health or safety of others;

2.     Extortion, meaning the gaining of money or other property by force or threat;

3.     Conduct that constitutes coercion, as defined by Section 1.07, Penal Code; or

4.     Conduct that constitutes the offense of:0.

a)     Public lewdness under Penal Code 21.07;

b)     Indecent exposure under Penal Code 21.08;

c)     Criminal mischief under Penal Code 28.03;

d)     Hazing under Education Code 37.152; or

e)     Harassment under Penal Code 42.07(a)(1) of a student or district employee.

Serious or persistent misbehavior includes, but is not limited to:

       Behavior that is grounds for permissible expulsion or mandatory DAEP placement.

       Behavior identified by the district as grounds for discretionary DAEP placement.

       Actions or demonstrations that substantially disrupt or materially interfere with school activities.

       Refusal to attempt or complete school work as assigned.

       Insubordination.

       Profanity, vulgar language, or obscene gestures.

       Leaving school grounds without permission.

       Falsificationof records, passes, or other school-related documents.

       Refusal to accept discipline assigned by the teacher or principal.

Short-barrel firearm is defined by Penal Code 46.01 as a rifle with a barrel length of less than 16 inches or a shotgun with a barrel length of less than 18 inches, or any weapon made from a rifle or shotgun that, as altered, has an overall length of less than 26 inches.

Terroristic threat is defined by Penal Code 22.07 as a threat of violence to any person or property with intent to:

1.     Cause a reaction of any type by an official or volunteer agency organized to deal with emergencies;

2.     Place any person in fear of imminent serious bodily injury;

3.     Prevent or interrupt the occupation or use of a building; room, place of assembly, or place to which the public has access; place of employment or occupation; aircraft, automobile, or other form of conveyance; or other public place;

4.     Cause impairment or interruption of public communications; public transportation; public water, gas, or power supply; or other public service;

5.     Place the public or a substantial group of the public in fear of serious bodily injury; or

6.     Influence the conduct or activities of a branch or agency of the federal government, the state, or a political subdivision of the state (including the district).

Tire deflation device is defined in part by Penal Code 46.01 as a device, including a caltrop or spike strip, that, when driven over, impedes or stops the movement of a wheeled vehicle by puncturing one or more of the vehicleís tires.

Title 5felonies are those crimes listed in Title 5 of the Penal Code that typically involve injury to a person and may include:

       Murder, manslaughter, or homicide under Sections 19.02, Ė .05;

       Kidnapping under Section 20.03;

       Trafficking of persons under Section 20A.02;

       Smuggling or continuous smuggling of persons under Sections 20.05 Ė .06;

       Assault under Section 22.01;

       Aggravated assault under Section 22.02;

       Sexual assault under Section 22.011;

       Aggravated sexual assault under Section 22.021;

       Unlawful restraint under Section 20.02;

       Continuous sexual abuse of a young child or children under Section 21.02;

       Bestiality under Section 21.09;

       Improper relationship between educator and student under Section 21.12;

       Voyeurism under Section 21.17;

       Indecency with a child under Section 21.11;

       Invasive visual recording under Section 21.15;

       Disclosure or promotion of intimate visual material under Section 21.16;

       Sexual coercion under Section 21.18;

       Injury to a child, an elderly person, or a disabled person of any age under Section 22.04;

       Abandoning or endangering a child under Section 22.041;

       Deadly conduct under Section 22.05;

       Terroristic threat under Section 22.07;

       Aiding a person to commit suicide under Section 22.08; and

       Tampering with a consumer product under Section 22.09.

[See FOC(EXHIBIT).]

Under the influence means lacking the normal use of mental or physical faculties. Impairment of a personís physical or mental faculties may be evidenced by a pattern of abnormal or erratic behavior, the presence of physical symptoms of drug or alcohol use, or by admission. A student ďunder the influenceĒ need not be legally intoxicated to trigger disciplinary action.

Use means voluntarily introducing into oneís body, by any means, a prohibited substance.

Zip gun is defined byPenal Code 46.01 as a device or combination of devices, not originally a firearm, but adapted to expel a projectile through a smooth-bore or rifled-bore barrel by using the energy generated by an explosion or burning substance.